Russia and Ukraine conduct military exercises, while NATO criticises Russia’s troop buildup.

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Russia and Ukraine conducted military exercises at the same time on Wednesday, while NATO foreign and defence ministers began emergency talks over a massing of Russian forces along the Ukrainian border.

The massive buildup of Russian forces near Ukraine and in Crimea, the peninsula that Moscow annexed from Ukraine in 2014, has worried Washington and NATO, and two US warships are scheduled to arrive in the Black Sea this week.

Russia, which called the US naval action an unfriendly provocation and urged Washington to stay away from Crimea and its Black Sea border, claims the build-up is a three-week military exercise to assess battle readiness in reaction to what it terms NATO’s provocative actions. It has stated that the exercise will be completed in two weeks.

In preparation for the arrival of US warships, the Russian navy began an exercise in the Black Sea on Wednesday, rehearsing fire at land and air targets. The exercise came only a day after NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg urged Moscow to halt its troop buildup.

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In Ukraine, armed forces rehearsed repelling a tank and infantry attack near the border of Russian-annexed Crimea while its defence minister, Andrii Taran, told European parliamentarians in Brussels that Russia was preparing to potentially store nuclear weapons in Crimea.

Taran provided no evidence for his assertion but said Russia was massing 110,000 troops on Ukraine’s border in 56 battalion-sized tactical groups, citing Kyiv’s latest intelligence.

CLASHES IN EASTERN UKRAINE

Fighting has increased in recent weeks in eastern Ukraine, where government forces have battled Russian-backed separatists in a seven-year conflict that Kyiv says has killed 14,000 people.

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who held talks in Brussels with Stoltenberg ahead of a video conference of all 30 NATO allies, said the alliance would “address Russia’s aggressive actions in and around Ukraine”, without elaborating.

Russia’s relations with the United States slumped to a new post-Cold War low last month after U.S. President Joe Biden said he thought Vladimir Putin was a “killer”.

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In a phone call with Putin on Tuesday, Biden proposed holding a summit between the estranged leaders to tackle a raft of issues, including reducing tensions over Ukraine.

The Kremlin on Wednesday said it was too early to talk about such a summit in tangible terms and that holding such a meeting was contingent on Washington’s future behaviour, in what looked like a thinly veiled reference to potential U.S. sanctions.

Russia has regularly accused NATO of destabilising Europe by bolstering its troops in the Baltic countries and Poland – all members of the Atlantic alliance – in the wake of Moscow’s annexation of Crimea.

NATO has denied a claim by Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu that the alliance was deploying 40,000 troops and 15,000 pieces of military equipment near Russia’s borders, mainly in the Black Sea and the Baltic regions.

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