Thousands of Peruvians rallied in favour of socialist Pedro Castillo and right-wing challenger Keiko Fujimori on Saturday, amid uncertainty about the outcome of a close presidential election on June 6 that has been stalled by legal challenges.
Castillo supporters marched through downtown Lima towards Plaza San Martn, a block from the headquarters of the electoral panel that will decide the decision, carrying huge banners and photographs of the socialist candidate, demanding that his apparent election victory be verified.
A few blocks away, thousands of others supporting Fujimori paraded with Peruvian flags and banners that read “no to fraud,” arriving at the Plaza Bolognesi, where a stage had been erected ahead of the expected arrival of the conservative.
Castillo holds a slender 44,000-vote lead over Fujimori with all ballots counted. But his right-wing rival has sought to disqualify votes, largely in rural areas that backed the leftist, making claims of fraud with little evidence.
Castillo’s Free Peru party has denied the allegations of fraud while international election observers have said the vote was carried out cleanly. The U.S. State Department described the process as a “model of democracy.”
In Fujimori’s march were members of various right and center-right parties, as well as retired military personnel who have backed her fraud claims. Many had banners saying “no to communism,” a criticism they often aim at Castillo.
“We are not Chavistas, we are not communists, we are not going to take away property from anyone, that is false… we are democratic,” Castillo told supporters on Saturday night. “The differences, the inequalities, are over.”
Many of his followers wore the same wide-brimmed hats Castillo has used in the campaign. Some wore outfits from the country’s Andean regions and danced, while others carried whips like those used by rural “ronderos,” or civil police.
Fujimori told her supporters on Saturday evening that she simply wanted electoral justice. “What we want is for all these irregularities to be analyzed,” she said.
Castillo, a 51-year-old former elementary school teacher and the son of peasant farmers, plans to redraft the country’s constitution to give the state a more active role in the economy and take a larger share of profits from mining companies.
He has softened his rhetoric in recent weeks, however, in a bid to calm market fears. He said on Saturday he would be keen to retain the central bank’s highly respected head, Julio Velarde, an important signal of stability for investors.
The already tense election process was plunged into disarray this week after one of the four magistrates on the jury reviewing contested ballots quit after clashing with the other officials over requests to nullify votes.
On Saturday the electoral jury swore in a replacement to allow the process to restart, key to restoring stability in the copper-rich Andean nation, which has been rattled by the tight vote.
“Electoral justice cannot be paralyzed or blocked, much less in this phase of the process,” said Jorge Salas, president of the National Elections Jury. “These interruptive arts will not prosper.”
The election jury will restart its work reviewing contested ballots on Monday, a spokeswoman for the body said. It must complete the review before an official result can be announced.
The polarized election has deeply divided Peruvians, with poorer rural voters rallying behind Castillo and wealthier urban voters from Lima supporting Fujimori, the daughter of jailed ex-President Alberto Fujimori.
The demonstrations came despite calls from health authorities to avoid crowds, with the country battling the most deadly per capita COVID-19 outbreak in the world.
In the midst of the tensions, an audio recording of an imprisoned former intelligence adviser who was a close associate of the previous president attempting to influence the vote in favour of Keiko Fujimori was leaked.
The Navy has stated that it will look into phone conversations made from his incarceration on a military installation, and the present interim administration has expressed alarm over the disclosure.
“We are outraged that an inmate appears on the scene at such a critical moment in our democratic life,” Prime Minister Violeta Bermdez told reporters on Saturday.