In 2020, 389 Turkish people became victims of hate crimes abroad.

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Hate crimes against Turkish people abroad rose by half during the pandemic-ridden 2020, according to a study issued on Saturday by Turkey’s Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities (YTB).

According to the YTB’s survey, “Attacks Targeting Turkish Citizens Abroad,” Turkish and Muslim minority populations, as well as individual members of those groups, places of worship, schools, unions, businesses, and facilities belonging to them, as well as Turkey’s foreign representation offices, faced far more attacks than in 2019, with a significantly higher level of violence in these attacks.

The study, which is issued annually, aims to stimulate international contact and collaboration processes in response to the threats that Turkish nationals face, especially in Western countries where Islamophobia and racism are on the rise.

According to the survey, the number of hate crimes directly or implicitly targeting Turks abroad has risen to 389, a 53.7 percent increase since 2019.

It revealed that 389 offences have been committed in 28 separate countries across America, Europe, and Australia, though the study acknowledged that the majority of attacks have not been reported in the media or to the YTB.

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Turks in Europe suffer most attacks, Germany leads

Germany committed the most crimes against Turks, with at least 205 attacks, followed by France with 40 and Austria with 37. On February 19, 2020, a far-right terrorist gunned down four Turks in the central German town of Hanau.

Although far-right, fascist, and anti-Islamic terrorist groups accounted for the lion’s share of hate crimes, the number of attacks by members of the PKK terrorist organisation, as well as Armenian racist groups, rose significantly.

At least five people were killed and 36 were injured in the attacks.

According to the survey, the majority of the cr was accounted for by 225 cases of hate speech or assaults, 37 attacks on people, and 25 arson cases.

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