Even as the pipeline recovers from the attack, the US capital is running out of gasoline.

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Tavon Clodfelter watches the petrol pump anxiously in Fayetteville, North Carolina, on 12 May. Most stations in the area have been without fuel following the hack of the Colonial Pipeline. Photo: AFP

On Friday, Washington was running out of gasoline, despite the fact that the country’s largest fuel pipeline network was ramping up deliveries after a cyberattack and officials told commuters that supplies would be restored shortly.

According to the US news agency Reuters, the six-day closure of the Colonial Pipeline was the most damaging cyberattack on record. On May 7, the pipeline was hit by a ransomware attack, forcing the firm to halt operations.

Two days after the pipeline network was restarted, widespread panic buying continued across the United States, leaving filling stations in the Southeast of the country without petrol.

With more Americans taking road trips as pandemic restrictions ease, pump prices are at their highest in years. The average national gasoline price has climbed to almost $3.04, the most expensive since October 2014, the American Automobile Association said.

As politicians discussed legislation to improve cyber defenses, more gasoline stations shut down in the capital of the world’s largest oil-consuming nation.

On Friday gas station outages in Washington climbed to 88 percent from 79 percent the day before, tracking firm GasBuddy said. President Joe Biden assured motorists supplies should start returning to normal by this weekend.

“Most of these states/areas with outages have continued to see panicked buying, which is likely a contributing factor to the slow-ish recovery thus far,” said GasBuddy’s Patrick De Haan. “It will take a few weeks.”

Colonial Pipeline announced late Thursday it had restarted its entire pipeline system, which links refineries on the Gulf Coast to markets along the eastern seaboard.

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On Friday evening, the pipeline was shipping at normal rates based on shipper nominations, a spokeswoman for Colonial said.

Some states experienced modest improvements, but still had a lot of petrol outages. Some 65 percent of petrol stations in North Carolina were without fuel, while in Virginia, South Carolina and Georgia just under 50 percent were empty, GasBuddy said.

Overall, some 14,144 petrol stations were experiencing outages, down from a peak of 16,200, GasBuddy said on Friday afternoon.

In Washington DC, Dennis Li was stuck on Friday at a Sunoco petrol station that was out of fuel. He had tried to find petrol at four stations during the day, with no luck.

“I’m running on empty to the point where I don’t want to drive anymore,” said Li, who is from Annapolis, Maryland.

Minutes before the last of four stations ran out of petrol on River Road in the Washington suburb of Bethesda, Maryland, drivers were mostly calm. Still, some were shocked to hear about the shortage.

Nicholas Swann had driven from his home in the Adams Morgan neighbourhood of Washington to Bethesda to get gasoline, where the wait at the Shell station was 15 minutes.

“We were originally going to drive out to the beach this weekend, but we don’t know if we will because I can’t make it there and back on one tank of gas,” Swann said.

Regulators, refiners react to outage

The hacking group blamed for the attack, DarkSide, said it had hacked four other companies including a Toshiba subsidiary in Germany.

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Colonial Pipeline has not determined how the initial breach occurred, a spokeswoman said. The privately held company has focused on cleaning its networks, restoring data and reopening the pipeline.

Colonial has not disclosed how much money the hackers were seeking or whether it paid. Bloomberg News reported that it paid nearly $5 million to hackers.

US lawmakers reintroduced legislation to support efforts by the Department of Homeland Security to secure pipelines and pipeline facilities from cyberattacks.

Washington issued shipping waivers allowing US refiners Valero Energy Corp and Citgo Petroleum to use foreign-flagged vessels to move gasoline and diesel from the US Gulf Coast to East Coast ports.

Gulf Coast refiners that send fuel to market through the Colonial Pipeline have cut production because they have been unable to move gasoline, diesel and jet fuel through the line.

To speed delivery of fuel supplies, four states and federal regulators relaxed restrictions on fuel truck drivers.

In Georgia, one of the states worst hit by the outages, fuel delivery companies struggled to get supplies to gasoline stations.

“I don’t think we’ve seen the end of this by any stretch of the imagination,” said Deborah Latham, 67, who owns petrol delivery company Georgia Tank Lines in Doraville, Georgia. She and her 40 drivers serve fuel stations all around metro Atlanta, including large sellers such as Kroger and QuikTrip.

“We’re delivering what little fuel we can get our hands on,” Latham said. “But it takes three times longer to get it because of the [tanker truck] lines, and then at the stations, cars don’t get out of the way of our trucks so we can drop off fuel.”

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