COVID-19 cases in the world increased by 12% in a week, while fatalities increased by 1%.

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Coronavirus is spreading throughout the world, with a 12% weekly increase in infections and a 1% increase in mortality after the outbreak was mostly managed by restrictions and vaccinations.

One and a half years after the virus originated in Mainland China, the death toll has risen to 4,048,919 and cases are at 187,617,642 through Sunday, according to tracking by Worldometers.info.

Infections have increased on all continents except South America in the last week. However, two countries from there had the most instances among the top ten: Brazil was No. 5 on Sunday with 20,937 cases, one day after being No. 1 with 48,504, Colombia was No. 6 with 19,423 cases, and Argentina was No. 14 with 8,850. Cases increased by 426,068 on Saturday and 370,549 on Sunday.

Except for North and South America, the death toll has climbed on every continent. Indonesia had the highest deaths (1,007), followed by India (895).

The United States is the world leader in total deaths at 607,155 and cases at 33,853,809. Brazil is second in fatalities with 533,546 and India third with 407,145. India is second in cases at 30,795,716, ahead of Brazil with 19,089,940.

Asia leads the continents with 57,620,517 cases, gaining 16% with deaths declining by 16% and now is at 821,098 in fourth behind No. 1 Europe, No. 2 South America and No. 3 North America.

Three Asian nations are in the top 20 for most deaths. Besides India, Iran is 12th place and Indonesia 16th.

Asia is lagging in vaccines.

North America leads with 76 doses administered per 100 people, followed by Europe at 74, South America at 48, Asia at 46, Oceania at 25 and Africa at 4, according to tracking by The New York Times.

Worldwide, a total of 3.39 billion shots have been given in a population of 7.9 billion with a two-dose regimen required for most brands, according to tracking by Bloomberg.

The United States has given at least one dosage to 55.5 percent of its population, whereas Brazil has given at least one treatment to 40.5 percent. With 68.5 percent, Britain, which immunised the first person in the globe in December, is among the best in the world. China does not provide dosage percentages, although it has enough for 48.8 percent of the world’s 1.5 billion people.

India is the world’s leading producer of vaccinations, yet just 22% of its population has received at least one dose. And Indonesia has a share of 13.6 percent.

Coronavirus has been declining in India, despite a global record of 4,529 fatalities and 414,188 cases. Saturday, India had the most in the globe, at 1,206.

In the past week, deaths are down 3% and cases decreased 7% with 41,506 most recently.

In the fallout from a huge spike in cases, deaths and overwhelmed hospitals, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked Health Minister Harsh Vardhan to step down along with his deputy. In all, the prime minister dropped 12 members of his cabinet.

“They (the government) don’t admit to failure, but this is a way to ensure accountability. This is one way to send a message not only to the health ministry but others in the cabinet that performance matters,” said Niranjan Sahoo, a senior fellow with the Observer Research Foundation, told CNN.

Coronavirus is now surging in Indonesia, which has risen to 66,464 deaths, including 5,430 in the past week for an increase of 65% with a record of 1,040 Wednesday. Cases climbed by 234,155 to 2,527,203 for a 44% gain.

Indonesia’s medical system has been strained. Hospital bed occupancy rates in many areas already exceed 100%, and more than 30 patients died in a Yogyakarta hospital last week after it briefly ran out of oxygen supply, CNN Indonesia reported.

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Turkey is sixth in the world for cases at 5,481,555 with 5,261 Sunday and 19th in deaths at 50,229, including 37 most recently.

Coronavirus also is surging in Thailand, 42% in cases with 9,539 Sunday and 35% deaths with 86 Sunday for a total of 2,226.

Israel, which is considered part of Asia, has fully vaccinated 63.2% of its population. Its death toll is 6,436 with seven reported in a week and one Sunday. Israel recorded 84 cases Sunday and infections are up 73% in the week with 3,163. With the variant from India spiking in the nation, officials have reinstituted mask-wearing indoors and tightened border controls.

On Friday, the ministry announced that all travelers arriving in Israel must quarantine for 24 hours or until they produce a negative coronavirus test result.

In Japan, the Summer Olympics are scheduled to take place on July 27 with the host city Tokyo under a state of emergency. Last week, the government announced there will be no spectators weeks after foreign ones were banned. Also last week, three other prefectures were included, with two more added Saturday. Fukushima prefecture in northeastern Japan won’t allow fans at baseball and softball events, and the northern prefecture of Hokkaido will have soccer games without fans at the Sapporo Dome.

South Korea has vaccinated 30.7% of its population. The nation has 2,043 deaths, including five more Sunday, and 168,046 cases, with a rise of 1,324, one day after a record 1,378. The previous high was 1,237 on Dec. 25.

Restrictions in the greater Seoul area of South Korea have been extended. Starting Monday and lasting two weeks, social distancing rules are at the highest level with night-time entertainment businesses ordered to close and gatherings of three or more people after 6 p.m. banned.

The pandemic outbreak began in late 2019 in Mainland China, but the nation with the world’s largest population of 1.5 billion, has reported only a few deaths in the past 12 months and stands in 66th at 4,636 behind Kazakhstan with 4,647. China added 24 cases Sunday and had administered nearly 1.4 billion doses, the most in the world and dwarfing India with around 379 million and the United States with 332 million, according to tracking by Johns Hopkins.

In Europe, four nations are in the top 10 for most deaths, led by Russia in sixth with 143,002, Britain in seventh with 128,425, Italy eighth with 127,775 and France 10th with 111,325, dropping behind Colombia on Friday. Also, Germany is 12th with 91,767, Spain 14th with 81,003, Poland 15th with 75,160 and Ukraine 18th with 52,597.

On the continent, cases grew by 36% for a current total of 48,902,090 and deaths by 1% at 1,113,093.

Notably, Russia gained 11% in cases, 161,560, and 9% in deaths, 4,991.

Russia reported 749 deaths Sunday, one day after 752 with a high last year of 635 in December. Cases were 25,033 cases compared with the record 29,935 in December.

The Federal Statistics Service said Friday it had recorded around 290,000 COVID-19 related deaths through May.

The nation has vaccinated only 20.4% of its population with one dose and 10.4% are fully vaccinated.

Besides the Sputnik V vaccine, there are two others made in Russia.

Russia has resumed regular air travel including to the United States and China.

European nations are opening travel, including launching on July 1 a Digital Covid Certificate, which allows for free movement of travelers between its countries.

The 27-nation European Union has recommended the United States among countries for which travel restrictions should be lifted. Also included is Saudi Arabia despite a spike in cases and deaths.

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But residents of 29-nation Europe’s Schengen area, as well as those in Britain and and Ireland, remain barred from traveling to the United States unless they are a U.S. citizen or they spend 14 days before arrival in a country that is not on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s prohibited list.

The British government has placed most nations on a COVID-safe travel list.

Britain’s data have been going up — 30% in cases and 63% in deaths in the past week — but are down from a record 2,396 fatalities and 67,803 infections earlier this year. Deaths rose by 192 in the past seven days and 26 Sunday. Cases climbed 210,589 in a week with 31,772 most recently.

Also Sunday, other nations added single-digits: Italy seven, France four, Ukraine five, Poland one and Germany five. Spain doesn’t release data on the weekend.

England’s restrictions on people to gather, socialize, eat and attend pubs indoors is scheduled to expire July 19. Prime Minister Boris Johnson said last week nearly all of the bans will end with a formal announcement expected Monday.

Britain leads European nations in vaccinated people with Spain 59.2%, Germany 58.3%, Italy 57.9%, France 55.1%, Poland 45.8% and Ukraine 8.2%.

For the first time since the epidemic, French nightclubs reopened to those who have been vaccinated or can provide documentation of a negative test on Friday.

South America had a 14 percent decline in fatalities and a 12 percent fall in cases.

South America includes four countries in the top 20 for the highest number of deaths. Aside from Brazil, Peru ranks sixth with 194,249 people, Colombia ranks ninth with 112,826 people, and Argentina ranks eleventh with 98,781.

South America had 1,036,551 fatalities and 34,008,8082 cases in total.

Brazil’s deaths are down 8%, while the number of cases is down 15%. Two weeks earlier, the country established a record of 114,139, with 48,504 most recently.

Chile has the highest vaccination rate on the continent at 68.3% and is 21st in deaths worldwide with 33,877 and 110 Sunday, with Argentina 43%, Colombia at 24.9% and Peru 16.1%.

Colombia reported 528 deaths Sunrday, which was fifth in the world, and Argentina added 280 in sixth. Peru gained 165 Saturday.

In Brazil, about 1,122 deaths have been children under 10.

“We found a huge number of child deaths from COVID and we started to compare to the U.S.” Fatima Marinho, a senior technical adviser in Brazil for Vital Strategies, a non-profit organization, told The National. “We found we have much more, more than 10 times the number of deaths compared to the U.S.”

Schools have been closed with lack of quality healthcare, crowded housing and malnutrition cited as causes for the number of young children afflicted.

North America’s totals are 924,645 deaths, down 4% over seven days, and 41,003,135 cases with an increase of 23% in cases.

In one week, U.S. deaths dropped 9% to 1,560 while cases were up 23% to 102,889, according to Worldometers.info. On Sunday, 162 deaths and 15,063cases were reported though a majority of states doesn’t report data.

Mexico’s deaths are up 16%, with 62 Sunday and fourth in the world at 234,969. Deaths are way down in Mexico from a one-day record of 1,803. The nation’s cases are up 40%, ranking 15th in cases at 2,577,140 with 9,319 most recently.

Cases in Canada have decreased by 7% in one week, while fatalities have decreased by 40%. Since 142 fatalities on Feb. 3 and a record 257 on Dec. 29, Canada has reported a total of 26,436 deaths in 24th, including eight on Sunday. The number of recorded cases was 253, down from the previous high of 11,383 on January 3.

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Mexico has a vaccination rate of 27.1 percent, despite being the first Latin American country to start vaccinating citizens. And, after languishing by several points for months, Canada has surged to 68.8 percent, outpacing the United States by more than 13 percent.

Non-essential travel is prohibited in Canada, Mexico, and the United States until July 21. It all started in March of last year.

Last week, fully vaccinated Canadians and permanent residents will be able to skip the 14-day travel quarantine upon return to the nation.

In Mexico, most regions don’t have restrictions. But Baja California Sur is planning social distancing rules including tourist hotspots of Los Cabos and La Paz. In Yucatan, which includes Cancun and Cozumel, some beaches in the state would be closed on weekends.

Coronavirus remains rare in Oceania, with just 42.3 million people, despite a 158 percent increase in deaths to 31 and a 4,902 percent increase in cases to 87 percent. There have been 1,323 fatalities and 81,354 cases.

New Zealand’s death toll remains at 26, with the most recent death recorded on Feb. 16, while Australia’s toll rose to 911 on Sunday, with the most recent death reported on April 13.

New Zealand reported two instances on Sunday, totalling 16 in one week for a total of 2,767, while Australia recorded 19, totalling 501 in a week for a total of 31,100.

In Australia, 26 percent of the population has been immunised. 15.6 percent of New Zealand’s population has received their first dosage.

The government of New South Wales, including Sydney, expects a lockdown, which has been in effect for three weeks, past Friday. It reported 77 cases Sunday.

The outbreak also has been surging in Fiji with 55 total deaths, compared with 30 one week ago and four by May 3. Case have climbed from 121 on May 3 to 10,512, including a record 485 Sunday. All workers must be vaccinated with the first-shot rate 30.4%.

In one week, Africa’s fatalities increased by 23% to 152,194, while cases increased by 13% to 6,001,022.

South Africa accounted for over half of the continent’s cases, with 132,986 cases, but just a 0.4 percent increase. Deaths are up 52%, accounting for over half of all deaths on the continent (2,631). South Africa ranks 17th with 64,289 fatalities, including 151 on Sunday. And the number of cases increased by 16,302.

Egypt is second with 16,396 deaths, while Tunisia is third with 16,388, up 144 on Sunday.

South Africa gave rise to a more infectious strain.

“It’s devastating, it’s soul-destroying,” a senior doctor at a major public hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa’s largest city, told CNN. “We are trained to save lives, but you revert to that wartime mentality. You revert to becoming numbed, you revert to becoming blunted.

“Patients are being brought in in cars with desperately ill patients who have been turned away from other hospitals with no beds.”

South Africa has vaccinated 6.4% of its population with at least one shot up from 3.9% the week before.

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