The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released data on Friday indicating that vaccinated people are at an increased risk of COVID-19 infection with the Delta variant and can spread the disease nearly as easily as unvaccinated people.
Nearly 75% of COVID-19 cases connected with large gatherings on Cape Cod in Massachusetts occurred in people fully vaccinated against the virus, according to data published Friday by the CDC.
The new data comes after the agency issued guidance on Tuesday recommending that everyone, including those who are fully vaccinated, wear masks in indoor public settings in areas where COVID-19 transmission is high.
An internal memo circulated at the CDC this week warned that the Delta variant of the coronavirus is significantly more transmissable than previously known and is as contagious as chickenpox.
“Delta infection resulted in similarly high [COVID-19] viral loads in vaccinated and unvaccinated people,” CDC director Dr. Rochelle P. Walensky said Friday in a statement.
“High viral loads suggest an increased risk of transmission and raised concern that, unlike with other variants, vaccinated people with Delta can transmit the virus,” Walensky said.
The Delta variant of the coronavirus was identified in 90 percent of samples tested for a COVID-19 variant, which is thought to be more contagious and less susceptible to vaccines, according to the agency.
The virus caused symptoms in just under 80% of those infected, and five of the 462 cases reported as part of the outbreak required hospitalisation, according to the CDC.
According to the report, four of the five people hospitalised in these cases due to COVID-19 were fully vaccinated.
These findings are “concerning and [were] a pivotal discovery leading to CDC’s updated mask recommendation,” Walensky said.
“The masking recommendation was updated to ensure the vaccinated public would not unknowingly transmit virus to others, including their unvaccinated or immunocompromised loved ones,” she said.
However, in an internal memo, first reported by the New York Times and Washington Post on Thursday and confirmed Friday by UPI with a CDC spokeswoman, researchers with the agency suggest that even these new recommendations may not go far enough.
The memo describes “universal masking” as “essential” in stemming the spread of the Delta variant.
It also indicates that the variant is more transmissable than influenza and smallpox, as contagious as chickenpox and causes significantly more severe infection than previous strains of the coronavirus.
The cases described in the new CDC report published Friday occurred in the aftermath of July 4 celebrations in the resort community of Provincetown, Mass.
Of the 469 COVID-19 described in the report, 346, or 74%, involved people who were fully vaccinated with either of the two-dose Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna shots, the CDC said.
Among the 462 cases, 133 virus samples underwent genetic testing and 119, or 89%, of them came back positive for the Delta variant, which is believed to have originated in India.
Of the 346 so-called “breakthrough” cases in fully vaccinated people, 274 experienced symptoms of COVID-19.
The Massachusetts findings are “a canary in a coal mine,” public health specialist Eric Feigl-Ding told UPI.
They demonstrate “that vaccinated individuals infected with Delta may be able to transmit the virus as easily as unvaccinated individuals,” according to Feigl-Ding, a senior fellow at the Foundation for American Scientists in Washington, D.C.
According to CDC data, as of Thursday night, 164 million people, or 49 percent of the population, in the United States had been fully vaccinated against the virus.
States and cities “might consider expanded prevention strategies, such as universal masking in indoor public settings, particularly for large public gatherings that include travellers from a variety of areas with varying levels of [virus] transmission,” according to agency researchers.