Behind barricades and hundreds of police officers in the Chinese capital of Beijing on Friday, pyrotechnics resembling the national flag blossomed above the city as part of a covert and meticulously orchestrated rehearsal for China’s Communist Party’s 100th anniversary.
In preparation for the centennial anniversary on July 1, Beijing has slowed down traffic, decorated streets with patriotic flower arrangements and national flags, and increased monitoring and security this week.
The clandestine rehearsals are the culmination of a year-long planning effort aimed at glorifying Party history and cementing domestic support for China’s socialist regime.
“Without the Communist Party, there is no new China,” read new propaganda posters throughout the city.
Plans for the event haven’t been fully revealed, though state media and government agencies have hinted at a large-scale theatrical event in Tiananmen Square. A performance is scheduled for Monday at the Bird’s Nest stadium, built for the 2008 Olympics.
The anniversary has been preceded by a crackdown on potential dissident activity, including a wave of arrests this year under a law prohibiting defamation of national heroes and an online platform for citizens to report “historical nihilists,” a term for those who share unofficial versions of Party history.
Upgraded security and the associated disruption are not uncommon before of big political events in the capital, but the pomp has taken on extra significance as the Party faces new political difficulties at home and abroad.
“It comes down to legitimacy … what you’re sitting through in those events is an extended performance for the benefit of the domestic public to basically legitimise an unelected government, which is why, in short, these things are so important,” said Graeme Smith, a fellow in the Department of Pacific Affairs at the Australian National University specialising in Chinese politics.
NO ROOM FOR ERROR
On June 23, residents in the old-style hutongs in Beijing awoke to find alleys decked out in a coordinated display of Chinese national flags, visible by almost every doorway.
According to official media, crews dressed in orange work uniforms were a regular sight across the city beginning in May, updating roadside décor and constructing beautiful flower displays made up of 2.3 million seedlings and potted plants.
Simultaneously, security agencies have increased monitoring and other limitations.
According to residents in Beijing’s central Dongcheng district, police officials went door to door last week inspecting house registrations and validating the number of individuals residing at each residence.
A Dongcheng police official told Reuters that such visits were “normal inspections”.
People on a citywide list of residents suffering from mental illnesses, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, received house calls and phone checks from authorities, a common practice ahead of major political events, according to two people who received the calls and a doctor who said many of their patients had been contacted.
The Beijing city government did not reply to a request for comment.
Four merchants on China’s top e-commerce site, Taobao.com, told Reuters they had been banned from shipping items including gas bottles and other flammable products to Beijing residents beginning in June. Taobao’s owner, Alibaba, did not immediately reply to a request for comment.
“It’s like having an enormous birthday party and not wanting your embarrassing neighbours to spoil it,” said Smith, adding that propaganda around so called “sensitive days” on Beijing’s calendar can also serve as a warning to potential dissidents.
Throughout China, local state-run institutions, including hospitals, schools and military units will hold special events marking the anniversary, including political-education sessions and party history exhibitions.
“The whole army will transform the political enthusiasm radiated by the celebrations into practical actions to advance the cause of strengthening the country and the army in the new era,” Ren Guoqiang, spokesman for the Ministry of National Defence, said on June 23.
Censorship of China’s already tightly controlled cyberspace has intensified.
Two people working at the Tianjin-based censorship unit of social media firm Bytedance Ltd and one Beijing-based censor for Chinese search engine Baidu.com said they had received new directives in recent months on removing negative commentary about the anniversary. Neither company immediately replied to requests for comment.
“There’s no room for error,” said one Bytedance staffer, who declined to be named because they are not permitted to speak to foreign media.
As of Friday, patriotic fervour on display in Beijing’s streets was largely mirrored online. Despite tight censorship, however, a small number of netizens griped over the road closings and costly events that are closed to the public.
“My family has lived in Beijing for several generations, I have become accustomed to this,” said one commenter on social media site Weibo.com, venting concerns about pollution from the mass firework displays. “This city has sacrificed too much for politics.”