The Attorney-General believes proposed drug-driving laws will trample all over the Bill of Rights.
The legislation has passed its first reading and is before select committee and will let the police do random roadside drug testing “without any good cause” – similar to drink-driving checkpoints.
It will cover commonly-used drugs such as cannabis, methamphetamine, MDMA, opiates and downers.
Lawyer Marie Taylor-Cyphers said she was disturbed by elements of the legislation and the National Party has labelled it “botched” and “half baked”.
Taylor-Cyphers said the test was incredibly coercive and often wrong.
“Most of New Zealand would expect to be able to go out on the road and not be invasively searched inside their body.
“You can’t have a test that takes 40 minutes and fails one in 20 times, that is just not sufficient for us to have evidence that might lead to criminal convictions.”
Taylor-Cyphers said getting a positive test potentially opens people up to drug prosecutions.
“That to me seems extraordinary because usually the police would have to have good cause and of course after you’ve returned those positive tests they will have good cause.
“That alters rights quite drastically.”
A report by Attorney-General David Parker says the legislation contravenes the Bill of Rights: not to be subject to unreasonable search and seizure; to be arbitrarily detained; and to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.
The report also raises serious concerns that parts of the legislation are too vague.
The draft version of the law also claims anyone who has used drugs “recently” is “impaired”, but it does not define what is considered recent – potentially making any drug use at all punishable.
Taylor-Cyphers said such vagueness is not acceptable.
“Impairment is a real error in my view in using that as a legal standard.”
Taylor-Cyphers wants the government to pump the brakes.
And she is not alone – documents released under the Official Information Act show the chair of the government’s own expert panel also wanted it to taihoa.
The panel is providing technical advice on setting the criminal limits – the amount of a drug allowed to be in a person’s system before penalties are applied.
Drafting and recruitment delays and then Covid-19 meant the panel chair – the ESR forensic toxicologist Dr Helen Poulsen – asked the government to wait until after the election to introduce the bill.
Ministry of Transport officials agreed, but the government ignored the request – tabling the legislation at the end of July.
National Party spokesperson on drug reform Nick Smith said the government shoved a half-baked bill before Parliament in its final weeks.
“What we can see from the Attorney-General’s report … and from the [concerns] from the expert panel …[is] that this is a bit of a rushed, botched job driven by politics.”
Smith said the tabling the bill without the detail on criminal limits showed the government was ill-prepared and disordered.
But Associate Transport Minister Julie Anne Genter said the criminal drug limits detail would be added to the legislation now it was at the select committee stage – replacing the vague wording about impairment.
She said there would be plenty of time for the public and politicians to scrutinise the legislation.
“It will be very specific, and the guidance that is guiding this, we want to have it be similar to the alcohol regime in that it is not penalising people who used an impairing substance weeks ago, but it is picking up something that is likely to be impairing [now].”
Genter said the drug tests were being used widely overseas without causing large numbers of unfair convictions.
“I’m really comfortable that we have taken every precaution to protect people and ensure that they won’t be unfairly criminalised, and that [there are] fail-safes like being able to opt for a blood test.”
Genter said last year more than 100 people died in crashes where the driver was later found to have drugs in their system.
She said she was comfortable with the legislation cutting across the Bill of Rights if it saves lives.
Public submissions on the bill are open.