The terrorist organisation Islamic State West African Province (ISWAP) stated in an audio clip obtained by Reuters on Sunday that Abubakar Shekau, the head of rival Nigerian militant Islamist organisation Boko Haram, had been killed.
Shekau died on May 18 after detonating an explosive device while being followed by ISWAP militants during a firefight, according to an audio recording of a person claiming to be ISWAP commander Abu Musab al-Barnawi.
“Abubakar Shekau, God has judged him by sending him to heaven,” he can be heard saying.
Two people familiar with al-Barnawi told Reuters the voice on the recording was that of the ISWAP leader.
A Nigerian intelligence report shared by a government official and Boko Haram researchers have also said Shekau is dead.
Last month, Nigeria’s military said it was investigating Shekau’s alleged death, also reported in Nigerian and foreign news outlets. The audio statement, first obtained by local media, is ISWAP’s first confirmation that its arch rival in the Lake Chad region has been killed.
Islamic State “are consolidating the whole area, the Lake Chad region and (Shekau’s stronghold),” said Bulama Bukarti, an analyst specialising in Boko Haram at the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change.
“ISWAP had framed Shekau as the problem and he was the only person they wanted to remove,” Bukarti said of Islamic State’s attempt to lure Boko Haram commanders and fighters to their side.
Shekau’s death could lead to the end of a violent rivalry between the two groups, enabling Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) to absorb Boko Haram fighters and consolidate its hold on territory in northeastern Nigeria, political analysts said.
That would allow ISWAP to focus its attention on the government and military, whose war efforts are languishing.
SHEKAU ‘KILLED HIMSELF INSTANTLY’
Boko Haram’s leader was reported to have been killed on several occasions over the last 12 years, including in announcements by the military, only to later appear in a video post.
In the audio recording, the man identified as al-Barnawi said his fighters had sought out the warlord on the orders of the Islamic State leadership, and battled Boko Haram insurgents until Shekau fled.
ISWAP chased him down and offered him the chance to repent and join them, he said.
“Shekau preferred to be humiliated in the afterlife than getting humiliated on earth, and he killed himself instantly by detonating an explosive,” he said.
Boko Haram grabbed headlines worldwide with its 2014 kidnapping of more than 270 schoolgirls from the town of Chibok, sparking a global campaign for their return dubbed #BringBackOurGirls, backed by the likes of Michelle Obama.
Around 100 of the Chibok Girls are still missing, and some are thought to have died in captivity.
Shekau oversaw the evolution of Boko Haram from an underground Islamic cult to a full-fledged insurgency in north-east Nigeria, murdering, kidnapping, and stealing.
The gang has killed over 30,000 individuals, displaced over 2 million people, and caused one of the world’s biggest humanitarian disasters.
Before splitting with Boko Haram five years ago, ISWAP pledged allegiance to the Islamic State. The rupture was triggered by theological doctrinal conflicts over Boko Haram’s slaughter of civilians, which ISWAP condemned.