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Historical Events on October 18


    707 John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
    1009 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock
    1016 Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
    1081 Battle of Dyrrhachium: Southern Italian Normans under Robert Guiscard defeat Byzantine Empire
    1267 Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls archbishop Engelbert III
    1356 Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys Basel in Switzerland.
    1386 Opening of the University of Heidelberg
    1534 New pursuit of French protestants
    1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima -- Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflict
    1564 John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
    1572 Spanish troops attack Maastricht
    1622 French King Louis XIII & Huguenots sign Treaty of Montpellier
    1648 1st labor organization forms in North American colonies (Boston Shoemakers)
    1667 English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
    1672 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz

1685 French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants
The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

    1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed, ending War of Austrian Succession
    1752 Premiere of Rousseau's opera "Le Devin du Village"
    1767 Mason Dixon line, the boundary between Maryland & Pennsylvania agreed upon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.
Poet Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley

    1776 In a bar decorated with bird tail in Elmsford, New York, a customer requests a glassful of “those cock tails” from bartender Betsy Flanagan
    1776 Battle of Pelham: Colonel John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1790 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling is granted permission to enroll at the Tübinger Stift at an earlier age than usually permitted
Philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855 Franz Liszt's "Prometheus" premieres
Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt

    1860 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
    1862 Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, KY
    1863 Battle of Charlestown, WV
    1867 US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia having paid $7.2 million
    1869 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway
    1873 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
    1873 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
    1878 Edison makes electricity available for household use
    1878 Anti-socialist laws are ratified in Germany
    1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "A Case of Identity" (BG)
    1889 1st all NYC World Series NY Giants (NL) play Bkln (AA)
    1892 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
    1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
    1900 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
    1901 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
    1904 Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
    1908 Belgium annexes Congo Free State

    1909 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1910 E. M. Forster publishes novel "Howards End"
Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster

    1912 The Treaty of Lausanne ends the Tripolitan War between Turkey and Italy
    1912 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
    1914 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
    1915 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
    1918 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
    1918 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P. J. Quinn
    1918 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby
British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty

    1921 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea
    1922 British Broadcasting Company (BBC) founded, later called British Broadcasting Corporation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Harold "Red" Grange, finest collegiate football game (4 long TD runs)
NFL Legend Red Grange
NFL Legend
Red Grange

    1924 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
    1925 -20] French Gen Sarrail bombs Damascus
    1925 Salt Lake City (PCL) Tony Lazzeri hits his 60th HR of the season

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1926 Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

    1929 Women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law
    1930 Joseph Sylvester becomes 1st jockey to win 7 races in 1 day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion
Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone

    1932 Belgium government of Renkin falls
    1939 Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Harts musical "Too Many Girls" premieres in NYC
    1940 Kaufman & Harts "George Washington Slept Here" premieres in NYC
    1941 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

    1943 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

    1944 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
    1945 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1946 Aaron Copland's 3rd Symphony premieres
Composer Aaron Copland
Aaron Copland

    1948 Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Connie Mack retires as manager of Philadelphia Athletics after 50 years, longest serving manager in MLB history
Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack

    1951 USSR performs nuclear test
    1952 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
    1952 "Buttrio Square" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 7 performances
    1952 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
    1953 WLJT TV channel 11 in Lexington, TN (PBS) begins broadcasting
    1953 WTVK TV channel 26 in Knoxville, TN (NBC) begins broadcasting
    1953 Willie Thrower becomes 1st black NFL quarterback in modern times
    1954 Hurricane Hazel becomes most severe to ever hit the US, killing 195 in US and Canada
    1954 WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, SC (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
    1954 WNBC radio changes call letters to WRCA (NYC)
    1954 Texas Instruments Inc. announces the first transistor radio.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athelete
Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens

    1955 University of California discovers anti-proton
    1960 Casey Stengel retired by NY Yankees (won 10 pennants in 12 years)
    1960 In Britain, News Chronicle & Daily Mail merge and London Evening Star merges with Evening News
    1961 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack
    1961 "West Side Story", directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins, the film adaptation of the 1957 Broadway musical, starring Natalie Wood, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1962)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1962 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
Music releaseMusic Recording

1962 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "Let's Dance"
Singer-Songwriter and and Guitarist Tony Sheridan
Singer-Songwriter and and Guitarist
Tony Sheridan

    1962 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
    1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1962 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA
Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson

    1963 IOC votes Mexico City to host 1968 Olympics
    1964 Australian swimmer Kevin Berry sets world record 2:06.6 to beat American Carl Robie by 0.9s and win the men's 200m backstroke gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics
    1966 "Apple Tree" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 463 performances

Film release premierFilm Release

1966 "Persona", Swedish film directed by Ingmar Bergman, starring Bibi Andersson and Liv Ullmann, is released
Director, Writer Ingmar Bergman
Director, Writer
Ingmar Bergman

    1967 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Hans A Bethe
    1967 Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus
    1967 Walt Disney's "Jungle Book" film is released
    1967 AL votes to allow Athletics to move from KC to Oakland & expand league to 12 teams in 1971 with KC & Seattle teams
    1968 American long jumper Bob Beamon sets an incredible world record (8.90m, 29' 2½") in high altitude at the Mexico City Olympics; 0.55m (22") improvement over previous world record
    1968 Circus Circus hotel opens in Las Vegas, largest permanent big top in the world
    1968 John Lennon & Yoko One fined £150 for marijuana possession
    1968 Lee Evans sets world record of 43.8 seconds in 400 meter dash

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Police find 219 grains of cannabis resin in John Lennon and Yoko Ono's apartment
Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono

    1968 US Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith & John Carlos for giving "black power" salute as a protest during victory ceremony
    1968 American swimmer Don Schollander anchors US 4 × 200m freestyle relay team to world record 7:52.1 and the Olympic gold medal in Tokyo; Schollander's 4th gold of the Games
    1968 American athletes sweep the medals in the men's 400m at the Mexico City Olympics; Lee Evans wins gold in world record 43.86s ahead of Larry James and Ron Freeman

    1968 Polish sprinter Irena Szewińska runs a world record 22.58s to beat Australian Raelene Boyle by 0.16s and win the 200m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
    1968 A rare Australian 1-2 in track & field; Maureen Caird in Olympic record 10.39s beats team mate Pam Kilborn by 0.07s to win the 80m hurdles at the Mexico City Games
    1969 Federal government bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners
    1969 Jefferson Airplane's Paul Kanter arrested for marijuana possession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Rod Stewart joins Small Faces
Singer Rod Stewart
Rod Stewart

    1969 Soyuz 8 returns to Earth
    1970 Sachio Kinugasa begins 2,215 cons game streak for Hiroshima Carp
    1973 "Raisin" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 847 performances
    1973 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
    1973 Judd Woldon & Robert Brittens musical "Raisin," premieres in NYC
    1973 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief
    1974 1st NBA game at Market Square Arena - Pacers beat Spurs 129-121
    1974 Andre van de Louw appointed Mayor of Rotterdam
    1974 Wings (Country Hams) release "Walking in the Park with Eloise"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Chicago Bull Nate Thurmond becomes 1st in NBA to complete a quadruple double-22 pts, 14 rebounds, 13 assists & 12 blocks
NBA Forward Nate Thurmond
NBA Forward
Nate Thurmond
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Simon & Garfunkel reunite on "Saturday Night Live", sing "My Little Town"
Television Producer Lorne Michaels
Television Producer
Lorne Michaels

    1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
    1976 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
    1977 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
    1977 NY Yankees win their 21st World Championship, 4 games
    1977 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1977 Reggie Jackson hits 3 consecutive homers tying Ruth's series record
MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson

    1977 Yanks beat Dodgers 8-4 for 21st world championship, 1st in 15 years
    1978 US 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F Vance
    1978 NY Islanders 1st scoreless tie, vs LA Kings
    1979 "Beatlemania" opens in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini orders mass executions to stop
Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini

    1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
    1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    1980 Brooke Alexander, 18, of Hawaii, crowned Miss World USA
    1980 Detroit blocks 21 Atlanta shots setting NBA record (double OT)
    1981 Andreas Papandreous' PASOK wins Greek elections
    1981 NY Giant Joe Danelo ties NFL record of 6 field goals in a game
    1981 Poland General Jaruzelski elected party leader
    1984 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51A mission
    1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    1988 Israel's supreme court uphold's ban on Kahane`s Kach Party as racist
    1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1988 "Roseanne" TV comedy starring Roseanne Barr, John Goodman and Laurie Metcalf premieres in the US on ABC
Comedienne and Actress Roseanne Barr
Comedienne and Actress
Roseanne Barr
Actor John Goodman
John Goodman

    1989 East German state/party leader Erich Honecker, resigns

    1989 Hungary revises its constitution after the fall of its Communist regime
    1989 US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit
    1990 "Once on this Island" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 469 performances
    1991 "Most Happy Fella" closes at NY State Theater NYC
    1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Film release premierFilm Release

1991 "My Own Private Idaho" directed and written by Gus van Sant starring River Phoenix and Keanu Reeves is released
Actor River Phoenix
River Phoenix
Actor and Musician Keanu Reeves
Actor and Musician
Keanu Reeves

    1992 "Oba Oba '93" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 22 performances
    1992 1st non-US team to win a World Series Game; Toronto 5, Atlanta 4
    1992 6.6 earthquake hits Colombia with no fatalities
    1992 Philadelphia Eagle Randall Cunningham sets NFL quarterback scramble record of 3,683
    1992 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
    1993 STS-58 (Columbia) launches into orbit
    1995 NHL Winnipeg Jets sold to Americans who plan to move them to Phoenix
    1999 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Zack de la Rocha announces he is leaving rock band Rage Against the Machine
Guitarist Tom Morello
Tom Morello

    2001 Crude Oil for November delivery falls to its lowest level since August 1999 on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX)
    2003 Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto's convoy, killing over 100, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escapes uninjured.
Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
Sports record brokenNFL Record

2009 QB Tom Brady throws five second quarter touchdowns against the Tennessee Titans, an NFL record for touchdown passes in one quarter
NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady

    2009 British Mercedes driver Jenson Button finishes 5th in Brazilian Grand Prix at Autódromo José Carlos Pace to clinch his first World F1 Drivers Championship
    2011 Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit is released by Hamas
    2012 Syrian military airstrikes kill 40 people in Maaret al-Numan
    2012 Google stock trading suspended after premature release of a quarterly report indicating a 20% drop in profits and a 9% fall in share price
    2012 MLB American League Championship: Detroit Tigers beat New York Yankees, 4 games to 0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Olsen are honoured for their work with fashion label The Row at the WSJ Magazine's Innovator Of The Year Awards in New York City
Actress and fashion designer Ashley Olsen
Actress and fashion designer
Ashley Olsen

    2013 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria
    2013 MLB National League Championship: St. Louis Cardinals beat Los Angeles Dodgers, 4 games to 2
    2016 US White Houses says it is "confident" Russia behind recent email hacking and attemps to influence US election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 US congresswoman Frederica Wilson says President Donald Trump said to bereaved army family of Sgt. La David Johnson "He knew what he was signing up for, but I guess it hurts anyway"
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Conference meetingConference of Interest

2017 19th Chinese Communist Party congress opens in Beijing with President Xi Jinping delivering 3hr 23min speech heralding “new era”
Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping

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